Lymphoma in Children

What is Lymphoma in Children?

Lymphoma in children (Hodgkin’s lymphoma) – a disease that is also known as lymphogranulomatosis, is one of the types of malignant tumors of the child’s lymphatic system.

Under this term cancer diseases are combined, in which there are changes in the cell x of the lymphatic system. The main symptom of the disease is an increase in lymph nodes, which is lymphoma.

Types of lymphoma in children:

  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • >non-Hodgkin lymphomas

Hodgkin’s lymphoma was named after the researcher, physician Thomas Hodgkin, who described the disease for the first time in history.

The frequency of Hodgkin lymphoma in children
The German Register of Pediatric Oncology in Mainz (Germany) records approximately 90 new cases of Hodgkin’s lymphoma in patients under the age of 14 every year. The total number of cases under the age of 18 is 150 people annually, according to a research center in the city of Galle. Thus, the disease in question makes up 5% of all malignant diseases in children and adolescents under 18 years of age.

Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease) is almost not found among infants and children under 3 years old. The likelihood of illness increases with age. It is worth noting that children get sick less often than adults. The incidence among boys and girls is not the same, but varies by country.

Hodgkin’s lymphoma forms
Researchers identify 5 forms of the disease. Four of them are called classical Hodgkin’s disease:

  • enriched with lymphocytes (non-classical)
  • mixed cell form
  • nodular form
  • form with a lot of lymphocytes
  • low lymphocyte form

Complications of lymphoma in children:

  • brain cancer (brain, spinal)
  • airway compression
  • superior vena cava syndrome
  • sepsis